In the Name of God, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
4 :1 O people! Fear your Lord, Who created you from a single soul and from it created its mate and from them both spread abroad a multitude of men and women. Fear God in whom you claim (your rights) of one another, and toward the wombs (that bore you). Lo! God has been a Watcher over you.
4:2-3 Give to orphans their wealth. Exchange not the good for the bad (in your management thereof) nor absorb their wealth into your own wealth. Lo! That would be a great sin. And if you fear that you will not deal fairly by the orphans, marry of women who seem good to you, two or three or four; and if you fear that you cannot do justice (to so many) then one (only) or (the captives) that your right hands possess. Thus it is more likely that you will not do injustice.
4:4-5 And give to the women, (whom you marry) their dowries as a free gift; but if they of their own accord remit to you a part thereof, then you are welcome to absorb it (in your wealth). Give not to the incapable (what is in) your (keeping of their) wealth, which God has given you to maintain; but feed and clothe them from it, and speak kindly to them.
4:6 Test orphans till they reach the marriageable age; then, if you find them of sound judgment, deliver over to them their fortune; and devour it not squandering and in haste before they should grow up. Whoever (of the guardians) is rich, let him abstain (from taking of the property of orphans); and whoever is poor let him take thereof in a reasonable manner (for his guardianship). And when you deliver up their fortune to the orphans, have (the transaction) witnessed in their presence. God suffices as a Reckoner.
4:7-8 To the men (of a family) belongs a share of that which parents and near kindred leave, and to the women a share of that which parents and near kindred leave, whether it be little or much – a determined share. And when kinsfolk and orphans and the needy are present at the division (of the inheritance), give them something out of it and speak kindly to them.
4:9-10 And let those fear (in their behavior toward orphans) who if they left behind them weak offspring would be afraid for them. So let them fear God, and speak with justice. Lo! Those who devour the wealth of orphans wrongfully, they do but swallow fire into their bellies, and they will be burnt in the blazing flame (of Hell).
4:11 God charges you concerning (inheritance for) your children: to the male the equivalent of the portion of two females, and if there be women more than two, then theirs is two-thirds of the inheritance, and if there be one (only) then half. And to his parents a sixth of the inheritance, if he has a son; and if he has no son and his parents are his heirs, then to his mother a third; and if he has brothers, then to his mother a sixth, (The distribution in all cases is) after the payment of any legacy he may have bequeathed, or debt (has been paid). Your parents or your children: You know not which of them is nearer to you in usefulness. It is an injunction from God. Lo! God is Knower, Wise.
4:12 And to you belongs a half of that which your wives leave, if they have no children; but if they have children then to you a fourth of that which they leave, after any legacy they may have bequeathed, or debt (they may have contracted, has been paid). And to them belongs a fourth of that which you leave if you have no children, but if you have a child then an eighth of that which you leave, after any legacy you may have bequeathed, or debt (you may have contracted, has been paid). And if a man or a woman has a distant heir (having left neither parents nor children), and he (or she) has a brother or a sister (only on the mother"s side) then to each of them both (the brother and the sister) a sixth, and if they be more than two, then they shall be partners in a third, after any legacy that may have been bequeathed or debt (contracted, has been paid) so that no loss is caused (to the heirs by willing away more than a third of the heritage). It is a commandment from God. God is the Knower, the Forbearing.
4:13-14 These are the limits (imposed by) God. Whoever obeys God and His Messenger, He will make him enter Gardens underneath which rivers flow, where such will dwell forever. That will be the great success. And whoever disobeys God and His Messenger and transgresses His (imposed) limits, He will make him enter Fire (of Hell), where such will dwell forever; his will be a shameful punishment.
4:15 As for those of your women, who are guilty of lewdness, call to witness four of you against them. And if they testify (to the truth of the allegation) then confine them to the houses until death overtakes them or (until) God appoints for them a way (through new legislation).
4:16 And as for the two of you who are guilty thereof, punish them both. And if they repent and amend, then let them be. Lo! God is Forgiving, Merciful.
4:17-18 Forgiveness with God is toward those who do evil in ignorance (and) then turn quickly (in repentance) to God. These are they whom God will forgive. God is ever Knower, Wise. Repentance is not for those who do ill deeds until, when death attends upon one of them, he says: Lo! I repent now; nor yet for those who die while they are disbelievers. For such We have prepared a painful punishment.
4:19 O you who believe! It is not lawful for you to forcibly inherit the women (of your deceased kinsmen), nor to hinder them (from remarrying) that you may take away a part of that which you have given them, unless they are guilty of flagrant lewdness. But live with them honorably, for if you hate them it may happen that you hate a thing wherein God has placed much good.
4:20-21 And if you wish to replace one wife for another and you have given to one of them a sum of money (however great), take nothing from it. Would you take it by the way of calumny and manifest sin? How can you take it (back) after one of you has copulated with the other, and they have taken a strong pledge from you?
4:22-23 And marry not those women whom your fathers married, except what has already happened (of that nature) in the past. Lo! It was ever lewdness and abomination, and an evil way. Forbidden to you are your mothers, and your daughters, and your sisters, and your father"s sisters, and your mother"s sisters, and your brother"s daughters and your sister"s daughters, and your foster mothers, and your foster sisters, and your mothers-in-law, and your stepdaughters who are under your protection (born) of your women, to whom you have copulated with – but if you have not copulated with them, then it is no sin for you (to marry their daughters).and the wives of your sons who (spring) from your own loins. And (it is forbidden to you) that you should have two sisters together (in marriage), except what has already happened (of that nature) in the past. Lo! God is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
4:24 And all married women (are forbidden to you except those (captives) whom your right hands possess. It is a decree of God for you. Lawful to you are all beyond those mentioned, so that you seek them with your wealth in honest wedlock, not debauchery. And those of whom you seek content (by marrying them), give to them their portions (dowry) as a duty. And there is no sin for you in what you do by mutual agreement after the duty (has been done). Lo! God is ever Knower, Wise.
4:25 And whoso is not able to afford to marry free, believing women, let them marry from the believing maids whom your right hands possess. God knows best (concerning) your faith. You (proceed) one from another; so wed them by permission of their folk, and give to them their portions (dowry) in a just manner, they being honest, not debauched nor of loose conduct. And when they are honorably married if they commit lewdness they shall incur half of the punishment (prescribed) for free women (in that case). This is for him among you who fears to commit sin. But to have patience would be better for you. God is Forgiving, Merciful.
4:26-28 God would explain to you and guide you by the examples of those who were before you, and would turn to you in mercy. God is Knower, Wise. And God would turn to you in mercy; but those who follow vain desires would have you go tremendously astray. God would make the burden light for you, for man was created weak.
4:29-30 O you who believe! Squander not your wealth among yourselves in vanity, except it be a trade by mutual consent, and kill not one another. Lo! God is ever Merciful to you. Whoever does that through aggression and injustice, We shall cast him into Fire, and that is ever easy for God.
4:31-32 If you avoid the great (things), which you are forbidden, We will expiate from you your evil deeds and make you enter at a noble gate. And covet not the thing in which God has made some of you excel others. To men, a fortune from that which they have earned, and to women, a fortune from that which they have earned. (Envy not one another) but ask God of His bounty. Lo! God is ever Knower of all things.
4:33 And to each We have appointed heirs of that which parents and near kindred leave; and as for those with whom your right hands have made a covenant, give them their due. Lo! God is ever Witness over all things.
4:34 Men are in charge of women, because God has made one of them excel the other, and because they spend of their property (for the support of women). So good women are the obedient, guarding in secret that which God has guarded. As for those from whom you fear rebellion, admonish them and banish them to beds apart, and scourge them. Then if they obey you, seek not a way against them. Lo! God is ever High Exalted, Great.
4:35 And if you fear a breach between them twain (the man and wife), appoint an arbiter from his folk and an arbiter from her folk. If they desire
amendment God will make them of one mind. Lo! God is ever Knower, Aware.
4:36-38 And worship God. Ascribe no thing as partner to Him. (Show) kindness to parents, and to near kindred, and orphans, and the needy, and to the neighbor who is of kin (to you) and the neighbor who is not of kin and the fellow traveler and the wayfarer and (the slaves) whom your right hands possess. Lo! God loves not such as are proud and boastful, that hoard their wealth and enjoin avarice on others, and hide that which God has bestowed upon them of His bounty. For disbelievers We prepare a shameful punishment; and (also) those who spend their wealth in order to be seen of men, and believe not in God nor the Last Day. Whoever takes Satan for a comrade, a bad comrade has he.
4:39-40 What have they (to fear) if they believe in God and the Last Day and spend (aright) of that which God has bestowed upon them. God is ever Aware of them (and all they do). Lo! God wrongs not even of the weight of an ant; and if there is a good deed, He will double it and will give (the doer) from Him an immense reward.
4:41-42 But how (will it be with them) when we bring of every people a witness, and We bring you (O Muhammad) a witness against them? On that Day those who disbelieved and disobeyed the Messenger will wish that they were level with the ground, and they can hide no fact from God.
4:43 O you who believe! Draw not near to prayer when you are drunk, till you know that which you utter, nor when you are polluted, except when journeying upon the road, till you have bathed. And if you be ill, or on a journey, or one of you comes from answering the call of nature, or you have touched women, and you find no water, than go to high clean soil and rub your faces and your hands (therewith). Lo! God is Benign, Forgiving.
4:44-45 See you not those to whom a portion of the Scripture has been given, how they purchase error, and seek to make you (Muslims) err from the right way? God knows best (who are) your enemies. God is sufficient as a Guardian (and a Protector), and God is sufficient as a Helper.
4:46 Some of those who are Jews change words from their context and say: ‘We hear and disobey; hear you as one who hears not,’ and ‘Listen to us!’ distorting with their tongues and slandering religion. If they had said: ‘We hear and we obey; hear you, and look at us,’ it had been better for them, and more upright. But God has cursed them for their disbelief, so they believe not, except a few.
4:47 O you to whom the Scripture has been given! Believe in what We have revealed concerning that which you possess, before We destroy faces so as to confound them, or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath breakers (of the old time). The commandment of God is always executed.
4:48 Lo! God forgives not that a partner should be ascribed to Him. He forgives (all) except those that He wills. Whoever ascribes partners to God, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin.
4:49-50 Have you not seen those who praise themselves for purity? Nay, God purifies whoever He wills, and they will not be wronged even equal to the hair upon a date stone. See, how they invent lies about God! That of itself is flagrant sin.
4:51-52 Have you not seen those to whom a portion of the Scripture has been given, how they believe in idols and false deities, and how they say of those (idolaters) who disbelieve: `These are more rightly guided than those who believe?" Those are the ones that God has cursed, and he whom God has cursed; you (O Muhammad) will find no helper for him.
4:53-55 Or have they even a share in the supreme power? Then in that case, they would not give people even the speck on a date stone. Or are they jealous of people because of that which God of His bounty has bestowed upon them? For We bestowed upon the house of Abraham (of old) the Scripture and Wisdom, and We bestowed on them a mighty kingdom. And of them were (some) who believed therein and of them were (some) who disbelieved therein. Hell is sufficient for (their) burning.
4:56-57 Lo! Those who disbelieve Our revelations, We shall expose them to the Fire. As often as their skins are consumed We shall exchange them for fresh skins that they may taste the torment. Lo! God is ever Mighty, Wise. And as for those who believe and do good works, We shall make them enter Gardens underneath which rivers flow to dwell therein forever; there for them are pure companions and We shall make them enter plenteous shade.
4:58-59 Lo! God commands you that you restore deposits to their owners, and, if you judge between people, that you judge with justice. Lo! Comely is this, which God admonishes you. Lo! God is ever Hearer, Seer. O you who believe! Obey God, and obey the Messenger and those of you who are in authority; and if you have a dispute concerning any matter, refer it to God and the Messenger if you are (in truth) believers in God and the Last Day. That is better and more seemly in the end.
4:60-63 Have you not seen those who pretend that they believe in that which is revealed to you and that which was revealed before you, how they would go for judgment (in their disputes) to false deities when they have been ordered to abjure them? Satan would mislead them far astray. And then it is said to them: Come to that which God has revealed and to the Messenger, you see the hypocrites turn from you with aversion. How would it be if a misfortune smote them because of that which their own hands have sent before (them)? Then would they come to you, swearing by God that they were seeking nothing but harmony and kindness. Those are they, the secrets of whose hearts God knows. So oppose them and admonish them, and address them in plain terms about their souls.
4:64 We sent; no Messenger except that he should be obeyed by God"s leave. And if, when they had wronged themselves, they had but come to you and asked forgiveness of God and asked forgiveness of the Messenger, they would have found God Forgiving, Merciful.
4:65-68 But nay, by your Lord, they will not believe (in truth) until they make you judge of what is in dispute between them and find within themselves no dislike of that which you decide, and submit with full submission. And if We had decreed for them: Lay down your lives or go forth from your dwellings, but few of them would have done it; though if they did what they are exhorted to do, it would be better for them, and more strengthening; and then We should bestow upon them from Ourselves an immense reward. And should guide them to a straight path.
4:69-70 Whoso obeys God and the Messenger, they are with those to whom God has shown favor, of the Prophets and the truthful and the martyrs and the righteous. The best of company are they! Such is the bounty of God, and God suffices as Knower.
4:71-73 O you who believe! Take your precautions, then advance the proven ones, or advance all together. Lo! Among you there is he who loiters; and if disaster overtook you, he would say: God has been gracious to me since I was not present with them. And if a bounty from God befell you, he would surely cry, as if there had been no love between you and him: Oh, would that I had been with them, then should I have achieved a great success!
4:74 Let those fight in the way of God who sell the life of this world for the other. Whoever fights in the way of God, be he slain or be he victorious, on him We shall bestow a vast reward.
4:75-76 How should you not fight for the cause of God and of the feeble among men and of the women and the children who are crying: Our Lord! Bring us forth from out this town of which the people are oppressors! Oh, give us from You some protector! Oh, give us from You some defender! Those who believe do battle for the cause of God; and those who disbelieve do battle for the cause of idols. So fight the minions of Satan. Lo! Satan"s strategy is ever weak.
4:77 Have you not seen those to whom it was said: Withhold your hands, establish worship and pay the poor-due, but when fighting was prescribed for them behold, a party of them fear people even as they fear of God or with greater fear, and say: Our Lord! Why have you ordained fighting for us? If only You would give us respite yet a while! Say (to them, O Muhammad): The comfort of this world is scant; the Hereafter will be better for him who wards off (evil); and you will not be wronged the down upon a date stone.
4:78 wherever you may be, death will overtake you, even though you are in lofty towers. Yet if a happy thing befalls them they say: This is from God; and if an evil thing befalls them they say: This is of your doing (O Muhammad). Say (to them): All is from God. What is amiss with these people that they come not near to understand a happening?
4:79-80 What ever good befalls you (O man) it is from God, and whatever ill befalls you it is from yourself. We have sent you (Muhammad) as a Messenger to people and God is sufficient as witness. Whoever obeys the Messenger obeys God, and whoever turns away: We have not sent you as a warder over them.
4:81 And they say: (It is) obedience; but when they have gone forth from you, a party of them spends the night in planning other than what you say. God records what they plan by night. So oppose them and put your trust in God. God is sufficient as Trustee.
4:82 Will they not then ponder on the Quran? If it had been from other than God they would have found therein much incongruity.
4:83 And if any tidings, whether of safety or fear, come to them, they noise it abroad, whereas if they had referred it to the Messenger and such of them as are in authority, those among them who are able to think out the matter would have known it. If it had not been for the grace of God and His mercy, you would have followed Satan, except a few (of you).
4:84 So fight (O Muhammad) in the way of God You are not taxed (with the responsibility for anyone) except for yourself, and urge on the believers. Perhaps God will restrain the might of those who disbelieve. God is stronger in might and stronger at inflicting punishment.
4:85-87 Whoever intervenes in good cause, will have the reward thereof, and whoever intervenes in an evil cause will bear the consequence thereof. God oversees all things. When you are greeted with a greeting, greet you with a greeting better than it or return it. Lo! God takes count of all things. God! None should be worshipped but God alone. He gathers you all to a Day of Resurrection whereof there is no doubt. Who is truer in statement than God?
4:88-89 What ails you that you have become two parties regarding the hypocrites, when God cast them back (to disbelief) because of what they earned? Seek you to guide him whom God has sent astray? He whom God sends astray, for him you (O Muhammad) cannot find a road. They long that you should disbelieve as they disbelieve, that you may be upon a level (with them). So choose not helpers (and protectors) from them till they forsake their homes in the way of God; if they turn back (to enmity) then take them and kill them wherever you find them, and choose neither protector nor helper from among them,
4:90-91 Except those who seek refuge with a people between whom and you there is a covenant, or (those who) come to you because their hearts forbid them to make war on you or make war on their own folk. Had God willed He could have given them power over you so that assuredly they would have fought you. So, if they hold aloof from you and wage not war against you and offer you peace, God allows you no way against them. You will find others who desire that they should have security from you, and security from their own folk. So often as they are returned to hostility, they are plunged therein. If they keep not aloof from you nor offer you peace nor hold their hands, then take them and kill them wherever you find them. Against such We have given you clear warrant.
4:92-93 It is not for a believer to kill a believer unless (it be) by mistake. He who has killed a believer by mistake must set free a believing slave, and pay the blood money to the family of the slain, unless they remit it as a charity. If he (the victim) be of a people hostile to you, and he is a believer, then (the penance is) to set free a believing slave. And if he comes of a folk between whom and you there is a covenant, then the blood money must be paid to his folk and (also) a believing slave must be set free. And whoever has not the wherewithal must fast two consecutive months. A penance from God. God is Knower, Wise. Whoever slays a believer of set purpose, his reward is Hell forever. God is wroth against him and He has cursed him and prepared for him an awful punishment.
4:94-96 O you who believe! When you go forth (to fight) in the way of God, be careful to discriminate, and say not to one who offers you peace: `You are not a believer;" seeking the chance profits of this life (so that you may despoil him). With God are plenteous spoils. Even thus (as he now is) were you before, but God has since then been gracious to you. Therefore take care to discriminate. God is ever informed of what you do. Those of the believers who sit still, other than those who have a (disabling) hurt, are not on equality with those who fight hard in the way of God with their wealth and lives. God has conferred on those who fight hard with their wealth and lives a rank above the sedentary. To each God has promised good, but He has bestowed on those who fight a great reward above the sedentary; degrees of rank from Him, and forgiveness and mercy. God is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
4:97-99 Lo! As for those whom the angels take (in death) while they wrong themselves, (the angels) will ask: In what were you engaged? They will say: We were oppressed in the land. (The angels) will say: Was not God"s earth spacious that you could have migrated therein? As for such, their habitation will be Hell, an evil journey"s end; except the feeble among men, and the women, and the children, who are unable to devise a plan and are not shown a way. As for such, it may be that God will pardon them. God is ever Forbearing, Forgiving.
4:100-101 Whoever migrates for the cause of God will find much refuge and abundance in the earth, and whoever forsakes his home, an immigrant to God and His Messenger, and death overtakes him, his reward is then incumbent on God. God is ever Forgiving, Merciful. And when you go forth in the land, it is no sin for you to curtail (your) worship if you fear that those who disbelieve may attack you. In truth, the disbelievers are an open enemy to you.
4:102 And when you (O Muhammad) are among them and arrange (their) worship for them, let only a party of them stand with you (to worship) and let the others take their arms. Then when they have performed their prostrations let them fall to the rear and let another party come that has not worshipped and let them worship with you, and let the others take their precaution and their arms. Those who disbelieve long for you to neglect your arms and your baggage that they may attack you once and for all. It is no sin for you to lay aside your arms, if rain impedes you or you are sick. But take your precaution. Lo! God prepares for the disbelievers shameful punishment.
4:103 When you have performed the act of worship, remember God, standing, sitting and reclining. And when you are in safety, observe proper worship. Worship at fixed hours has been enjoined on the believers.
4:104 Forgive not in pursuit of the enemy. If you are suffering, lo! They suffer even as you suffer and you have hope from God that for which they cannot hope. God is ever Knower, Wise.
4:105-112 Lo! We reveal to you the Scripture with the truth, that you may judge between people by that which God shows you. And be not you a pleader for the treacherous; and seek forgiveness of God. Lo! God is ever Forgiving, Merciful. And plead not on behalf of (people) who deceive themselves. Lo! God loves not one who is treacherous and sinful. They seek to hide from men and seek not to hide from God. He is with them when by night they hold discourse displeasing to Him. God ever surrounds what they do. Lo! You are they who pleaded for them in the life of the world. But who will plead with God for them on the Day of Resurrection, or who will then be their defender? Yet whoever does evil or wrongs his own soul, then seeks pardon of God, will find God Forgiving, Merciful. Whoever commits sin commits it only against himself. God is ever Knower, Wise. And whoever commits a delinquency or a sin, then throws (the blame) thereof upon the innocent, has burdened himself with falsehood and a flagrant sin.
4:113-114 But for the grace of God upon you (O Muhammad), and His mercy, a party of them had resolved to mislead you, but they will mislead only themselves and they will hurt you not at all. God revealed to you the Scripture and wisdom, and taught you that which you knew not. The grace of God toward you has been infinite. There is no good in much of their secret conferences except (in) him who enjoins almsgiving and goodness and peacemaking among the people. Whoever does that, seeking the good pleasure of God; We shall bestow on him a vast reward.
4:115 And whoever opposes the Messenger after the guidance (of God) has been manifested to him, and follows other than the believer"s way, We appoint for him that to which he himself has turned, and expose him to Hell – an evil journey"s end!
4:116 Lo! God pardons not that partners should be ascribed to him. He pardons all except that, to whom He wills. Whoever ascribed partners to God, has wandered far astray.
4:117-121 They invoke in His stead only females (female deities); they pray to none else than Satan, a rebel whom God cursed, and he said:(to God) Surely I will take of Your bondmen an appointed portion, and surely I will lead them astray, and surely I will arouse desires in them, and surely I will command them and they will cut the cattle"s ears, and surely I will command them and they will change God"s creation. Whoever chooses Satan for a patron instead of God, is verily a loser and his loss is manifest. He promises them and stirs up desires in them, and Satan promises them only to deceive. For such, their habitation will be Hell, and they will find no refuge therefrom.
4:122 But as for those who believe and do good works We shall bring them into Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide for ever. It is a promise from God in truth; and who can be more truthful than God in utterance?
4:123-124 It will not be in accordance with your desires, or the desires of the People of the Scripture. He whoever does wrong, will have the recompense thereof, and will not find against God any protector or helper. And whoever does good works, whether of male or female, and he (or she) is a believer, such will enter Paradise and they will not be wronged the dint in a date stone.
4:125-126 Who is better in religion than he who surrenders his purpose to God while doing good (to men) and follows the tradition of Abraham, the upright? God (Himself) chose Abraham for a friend. To God belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. God ever surrounds all things.
4:127 They consult you concerning women. Say: God gives to you decree concerning them, and the Scripture which has been recited to you (gives decree), concerning female orphans to whom you give not that which is ordained for them though you desire to marry them, and (concerning) the weak among children, and that you should deal justly with orphans. Whatever good you do, lo! God is ever Aware of it.
4:128-130 If a woman fears ill treatment from her husband, or desertion, it is no sin for them twain if they make terms of peace between themselves. Peace is better. But greed has been made present in the minds (of men). If you do good and fear (God), lo! God is ever informed of what you do. You will not be able to do perfect justice between (your) wives, however much you wish (to do so): But turn not altogether away (from one), leaving her as in suspense. If you do good and fear (God), lo! God is ever Forgiving, Merciful. But if they separate, God will compensate each out of His abundance. God is ever All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
4:131 To God belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth And We charged those who received the Scripture before you, and (We charge) you that you should fear God. And if you disbelieve, lo! To God belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, and God is ever Absolute, Owner of praise.
4:132-134 To God belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. And God is sufficient as Defender. If He wills, He can remove you, O people, and produce others (in your stead). God is Able to do that. Whoever desires the reward of the world, (let him know that) with God is the reward of the world and the Hereafter. God is ever Hearer, Seer.
4:135 O you who believe! Be you staunch in justice, witnesses for God, even though it is against yourselves or (your) parents or (your) kindred, whether (the case be of) a rich man or a poor man, for God is nearer to both (than you are). So follow not passion lest you lapse (from the truth) and if you lapse or fall away, then lo! God is ever informed of what you do.
4:136-141 O you who believe! Believe in God and His Messenger and the Scripture that He has revealed to His Messenger, and the Scripture which He revealed aforetime. Whoever disbelieves in God and His angels and His Scriptures and His Messengers and the Last Day, he has verily wandered far astray, lo! Those who believe, then disbelieve and then (again) believe, then disbelieve, and then increase in disbelief, God will never pardon them, nor will He guide them to a way. Bear to the hypocrites the tidings that for them there is a painful punishment, those who choose disbelievers for their helpers (and protectors) instead of believers! Do they look for power at their hands? Lo! All power appertains to God. He has already revealed to you in the Scripture that when you hear the revelations of God rejected and derided: (you) sit not with them (who disbelieve and mock) until they engage in some other conversation. Lo! In that case (if you stayed) you would be like to them. Lo! God will gather hypocrites and disbelievers all together into Hell; those who wait upon occasion in regard to you and, if a victory comes to you from God, say: Are we not with you? And if the disbelievers meet with a success, say: Had we not the mastery of you, and did we not protect you from the believers? God will judge between you on the Day of Resurrection, and God will not give the disbelievers any way (of success) against the believers.
4:142-143 Lo! The hypocrites seek to deceive God, but it is God who deceives them. When they stand up to worship they perform it languidly and to be seen of men, and are mindful of God but little, swaying between this (and that), (belonging) neither to these nor to those. He whom God causes to go astray, you (O Muhammad) will not find a way for him.
4:144 O you who believe! Choose not disbelievers for (your) helpers (and protectors) in place of believers. Would you give God a clear warrant against you?
4:145-147 Lo! The hypocrites (will be) in the lowest depth of the fire, and you will find no helper for them; except those who repent and amend and hold fast to God and make their religion pure for God (only). Those are with the believers. And God will bestow on the believers an immense reward. What concern has God for your punishment if you are thankful (for His mercies) and believe (in Him)? God was ever Responsive, Aware.
4:148 God loves not the utterance of harsh speech except by one who has been wronged. God is ever Hearer, Knower.
4:149 If you do good openly or keep it secret, or forgive evil, lo! God is Forgiving, Powerful.
4:150-152 Lo! Those who disbelieve in God and His Messengers, and seek to make distinction between God and His Messengers, and say: We believe in some and disbelieve in others, and seek to choose a way in between; such are disbelievers in truth; and for disbelievers We prepare a shameful punishment. But those who believe in God and His Messengers and make no distinction between any of them, to them God will give their wages; and God is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
4:153 The People of the Scripture ask of you that you should cause a (actual) Book to descend upon them from heaven. They asked a greater thing of Moses aforetime, for they said: Show us God plainly. The storm of lightning seized them for their transgression. Then (even after that) they chose the calf (for worship) after clear proofs (of God"s supreme power) had come to them. And We forgave them that! And We bestowed on Moses evident authority.
4:154-158 And We caused the Mount to tower above them at (the taking of) their covenant: and We bade them: Enter the gate, prostrate! And we bade them: Transgress not the Sabbath! And We took from them a firm covenant. Then because of their breaking of their covenant, and their disbelieving in the revelations of God, and their slaying of the Prophets wrongfully, and their saying: Our hearts are hardened – Nay, but God has set a seal upon them for their disbelief, so that they believe not except a few – and because of their disbelief and of their speaking against Mary a tremendous calumny; and because of their saying: We slew the Messiah Jesus son of Mary, God"s Messenger – They slew him not nor crucified him, but it appeared so to them; and lo! Those who disagree concerning it, and are in doubt thereof; they have no knowledge thereof except pursuit of a conjecture; they slew him not for certain, but God took him up to Himself. God was ever Mighty, Wise.
4:159-161 There is not one of the People of the Scripture but will believe in him before his death, and on the Day of Resurrection he will be a witness against them – because of the wrongdoing of the Jews We forbade them good things which were (before) made lawful to them, and because of their much hindering from God"s way, and of their taking usury when they were forbidden it, and of their devouring people"s wealth by false pretences. We have prepared for those of them who disbelieve a painful punishment.
4:162 But those of them who are firm in knowledge and the believers believe in that which is revealed to you, and that which was revealed before you, especially the diligent in prayer and those who pay the poor-due, the believers in God and the Last Day. Upon them We shall bestow immense reward.
4:163-165 Lo! We inspire you as We inspired Noah and the Prophets after him, as We inspired Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Tribes, and Jesus and Job and Jonah and Aaron and Solomon, and as we imparted to David the Psalms; and Messengers We have mentioned to you before and Messengers We have not mentioned to you; and God spoke directly to Moses; Messengers of good cheer and of warning, in order that people might have no argument against God after the Messengers. God was ever Mighty, Wise.
4:166 But God (Himself) testifies concerning that which He has revealed to you; in His knowledge has He revealed it; and the angels also testify. And God is sufficient as witness.
4:167-169 Lo! Those who disbelieve and hinder (others) from the way of God, they verily have wandered far astray. Lo! Those who disbelieve and deal in wrong, God will never forgive them; neither will He guide them to a road, except the road of Hell, wherein they will abide for ever. And that is ever easy for God.
4:170 O people! The Messenger has come to you with the truth from your Lord. Therefore believe; (it is) better for you. But if you disbelieve, still, lo! To God belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth. God is ever Knower, Wise.
4:171 O People of the Scripture! Do not exaggerate in your religion nor utter anything concerning God except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only a Messenger of God, and His word, which He conveyed to Mary, and a spirit from Him. So believe in God and His Messengers, and say not ‘Three’. – Cease! (It is) better for you! God is only One God. Far is it removed from His transcendent majesty that he should have a son. His is all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And God is sufficient as Defender.
4:172-173 The Messiah will never scorn to be a slave to God, nor will the favored angels. Whoever scorns His worship and is proud, all such will He assemble to Him; then, as for those who believed and did good works, to them will He pay their wages in full, adding to them of His bounty; and as for those who were scornful and proud, He will punish them with a painful punishment. And they will not find for themselves, against God, any protector or helper.
4:174-175 O people! Now has a proof from your Lord come to you, and We have sent down to you a clear light; as for those who believe in God, and hold fast to Him, He will cause them to enter into His mercy and grace, and will guide them to Him by a straight road.
4:176 They ask you for a pronouncement. Say: God has pronounced for you concerning distant kindred. If a man dies childless and he has a sister, hers is half the heritage, and he would have inherited from her had she died childless. And if there be two sisters, then theirs are two-thirds of the heritage, and if they be brethren, men and women, to the male is the equivalent of the share of two females. God expounds to you, so that you err not. God is Knower of all things.