Sura An-Nur (The Light)
Sheikh / Mohammad Ayyoob

  • In the Name of God, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

    24:1 (Here is) a Surah (chapter) which We have revealed and enjoined , and wherein We have revealed plain signs , that perhaps you may take heed.

    24:2-3 The adulterer and the adulteress, scourge you each one of them (with) a hundred stripes. And let not pity for the twain withhold you from obedience to God, if you believe in God and the Last Day. And let a party of believers witness their punishment. The adulterer shall not marry except an adulteress or a female polytheist, and the adulteress none shall marry except an adulterer or a polytheist. All that is forbidden to believers.

    24:4-5 And those who accuse honorable women but do not bring four witnesses scourge them (with) eighty stripes and never (afterward) accept their testimony – They are indeed evildoers – except those who afterward repent and make amends. (For such) lo! God is Forgiving, Merciful.

    24:6-10 As for those who accuse their wives but have no witnesses except themselves; let the testimony of one of them be four testimonies, (swearing) by God that he is of those who speak the truth; and yet a fifth, invoking the curse of God on him if he is of those who lie. And it shall avert the punishment from her if she bear witness before God four times that the thing he says is indeed false, and a fifth (time) that the wrath of God be upon her if he speaks truth. And had it not been for the grace of God and His mercy to you, and that God is Forbearing, Wise, (you would have been undone).

    24:11 Lo! They who spread the slander are a gang among you. Deem it not a bad thing for you; say, it is good for you. To every man will be paid that which he has earned of the sin; and as for him among them who had the greater share therein, his will be an awful punishment.

    24:12-18 Why did not the believers, men and women, when you heard it, think good of their own folk; and say: It is a manifest untruth? Why did they not produce four witnesses? Since they produce not witnesses, they verily are liars in the sight of God. Had it not been for the grace of God and His mercy to you in the world and the Hereafter an awful punishment had overtaken you for that whereof you murmured. When you welcomed it with your tongues, and uttered with your mouths that whereof you had no knowledge, you counted it a trifle. In the sight of God it is very great. Wherefore, when you heard it, said you not: It is not for us to speak of this. Glory be to You (O God); this is awful calumny. God admonishes you that you repeat not the like thereof ever, if you are (in truth) believers. And He expounds to you His revelations. God is Knower, Wise.

    24:19-20 Lo! Those who love that slander should be spread concerning those who believe, theirs will be a painful punishment in the world and the Hereafter. God knows. You know not. Had it not been for the grace of God and His mercy to you, and that God is Forbearing and Merciful, (you would have been undone).

    24:21 O you who believe! Follow not the footsteps of Satan. Whoever follows the footsteps of Satan, lo! He commands filthiness and wrong. Had it not been for the grace of God and His mercy to you, not one of you would ever have become purified. But God causes whom He wills to become purified of his sin. And God is Hearer, Knower.

    24:22 And let not those who possess dignity and ease among you swear not to give to the near of kin and to the needy, and to fugitives for the cause of God. Let them forgive and show indulgence. Yearn you not that God may forgive you? God is Forgiving, Merciful.

    24:23-25 Lo! As for those who traduce virtuous, believing women (who are) careless, cursed are they in the world and the Hereafter. Theirs will be an awful punishment on the Day when their tongues and their hands and their feet testify against them as to what they used to do, on that Day God will pay them their just due, and they will know that God, He is the Manifest Truth.

    24:26 Vile women are for vile men, and vile men for vile women. Good women are for good men, and good men for good women; such are innocent of that which people say: For them is pardon and a bountiful provision.

    24:27-29 O you who believe! Enter not houses other than your own without first announcing your presence and invoking peace upon the folk thereof. That is better for you, that you may be heedful. And if you find no one therein, still enter not until permission has been given. And if it is said to you: Go away again, then go away, for it is purer for you. God knows what you do. (It is) no sin on you to enter uninhabited houses wherein is comfort for you God knows what you proclaim and what you hide.

    24:30 Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and be modest. That is purer for them. Lo! God is Aware of what they do.

    24:31 And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and be modest, and to display of their adornment only that which is apparent, and to draw their veils over their bosoms, and not to reveal their adornment except to their own husbands or fathers or husbands' fathers, or their sons or their husbands' sons, or their brothers or their brothers' sons or sisters' sons, or their women, or their slaves, or male attendants who lack vigor, or children who know nothing of women's nakedness. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And turn to God together, O believers, in order that you may succeed.

    24:32 And marry such of you as are solitary and the pious of your slaves and maidservants. If they are poor; God will enrich them of His bounty. God is of ample means, Aware.

    24:33 And let those who cannot find a match keep chaste till God give them independence by His grace. And such of your slaves as seek a writing (of emancipation), write it for them if you are aware of anything of good in them, and bestow upon them of the wealth of God which He has bestowed upon you. Force not your slave girls to whoredom that you may seek enjoyment of the life of the world, if they would preserve their chastity. And if one forces them, then (to them) after their compulsion, Lo! God will be Forgiving, Merciful.

    24:34 And verily We have sent down for you revelations that make plain, and the example of those who passed away before you. An admonition to those who are pious.

    24:35 God is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The similitude of His light is as a niche wherein is a lamp. The lamp is in a glass. The glass is as it were a shining star. (This lamp is) kindled from a blessed tree, an olive neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself) though no fire touched it. Light upon light, God guides to His light whom He wills. And God speaks to people in allegories, for God is Knower of all things.

    24:36-38 (This lamp is found) in houses, which God has allowed to be exalted and that His name shall be remembered therein. Therein do offer praise to Him at morn and evening. Men whom neither merchandise nor sale deceives from remembrance of God and constancy in prayer and paying to the poor their due; who fear a day when hearts and eyeballs will be overturned; that God may reward them with the best of what they did, and increase reward for them of His bounty. God gives blessings without limit to whom He wills.

    24:39 As for those who disbelieve, their deeds are as a mirage in a desert. The thirsty one supposes it to be water till he comes to it and finds it is nothing, and finds in the place thereof, God, Who pays him his due; and God is Swift at reckoning.

    24:40 Or as darkness on a vast, abysmal sea. There covers him a wave, above which is a wave, above which is a cloud. Layer upon layer of darkness. When he holds out his hand he scarce can see it. And he, for whom God has not appointed light, for him there is no light.

    24:41 Have you not seen that God, it is He that all who are in the heavens and the earth praise; and the birds in their flight? Of each He knows verily the worship and the praise; and God is Aware of what they do.

    24:42 And to God belongs the supreme power of the heavens and the earth, and to God is the journeying.

    24:43-44 Have you not seen how God wafts the clouds, then gathers them, then makes them layers, and you see the rain comes forth from between them; He sends down from the heaven mountains wherein is hail, and smites with it whoever He wills, and averts it from whoever He wills. The flashing of His lightning all but snatches away the sight. God causes the revolution of the day and the night. Lo! Herein is indeed a lesson for those who see.

    24:45 God has created every animal from water. Of them is (a kind) that goes upon its belly and (a kind) that goes upon two legs and (a kind) that goes upon four. God creates what He wills. Lo! God is Able to do all things.

    24:46 Verily We have sent down revelations and explained them. God guides whom He wills to a straight path.

    24:47-50 And they say: We believe in God and the Messenger, and we obey; then after that a faction of them turns away. Such are not believers. And when they appeal to God and His Messenger to judge between them, lo! A faction of them is averse; but if right had been with them they would have come to him willingly. Is there in their hearts a disease, or have they doubts, or fear they lest God and His Messenger should wrong them in judgment? Nay, but such are evildoers.

    24:51 The saying of (all true) believers when they appeal to God and His Messenger to judge between them is only that they say: We hear and we obey. And such are the successful.

    24:52 He who obeys God and His Messenger, and fears God, and keeps duty (to Him): such indeed are the victorious.

    24:53 They swear by God solemnly that, if you order them, they will go forth. Say: Swear not, known obedience (is better). Lo! God is informed of what you do.

    24:54 Say: Obey God and obey the Messenger. But if you turn away, then (it is) for him (to do) only that with what he has been charged, and for you (to do) only that with what you have been charged. If you obey him, you will go aright. But the messenger has no other charge than to convey (the message), plainly.

    24:55 God has promised such of you as believe and do good works that He will surely make them to succeed (the present rulers) in the earth even as He caused those who were before them to succeed others); and that He will surely establish for them their religion which He has approved for them, and will give them in exchange, safety after their fear. They worship Me. They ascribe no thing as partner to Me. Those who disbelieve henceforth, they are the miscreants.

    24:56 Establish worship and pay the poor-due and obey the Messenger, that perhaps you may find mercy.

    24:57 Think not that the disbelievers can escape in the land. Fire will be their home, an evil journey's end!

    24:58 O you who believe! Let your slaves, and those of you who have not come to puberty, ask leave of you at three times (before they come into your presence): Before the prayer of dawn, and when you lay aside your raiment for the heat of noon, and after the prayer of night. Three times of privacy for you. It is no sin for them or for you at other times, when some of you go round attendant upon others (if they come into your presence without leave). Thus God makes clear the revelations for you. God is Knower, Wise.

    24:59 And when the children among you come to puberty then let them ask leave even as those before them used to ask it. Thus God makes clear His revelations for you. God is Knower, Wise.

    24:60 As for women past child bearing, who have no hope of marriage, it is no sin for them if they discard their (outer) clothing in such a way as not to show adornment. But to refrain is better for them. God is Hearer, Knower.

    24:61 No blame is there upon the blind nor any blame upon the lame nor any blame upon the sick nor on yourselves if you eat from your houses, or the houses of your fathers, or the houses of your mothers, or the houses of your brothers, or the houses of your sisters, or the houses of your fathers' brothers, or the houses of your fathers' sisters, or the houses of your mothers' brothers, or the houses of your mothers' sisters, or (from that) whereof you hold the keys, or (from the house) of a friend. No sin shall it be for you whether you eat together or apart. But when you enter houses, salute one another with a greeting from God, blessed and sweet. Thus God makes clear His revelations for you, that perhaps you may understand.

    24:62 They only are the true believers who believe in God and His Messenger and, when they are with him on some common errand, go not away until they have asked leave of him. Lo! Those who ask leave of you, are those who believe in God and His Messenger. So, if they ask your leave for some affair of theirs, give leave to whom you will of them, and ask for them forgiveness of God. Lo! God is Forgiving, Merciful.

    24:63 Make not the calling of the messenger among you as your calling one of another. God knows those of you who steal away, hiding themselves. And let those who conspire to evade orders beware, lest grief or painful punishment befall them.

    24:64 Lo! Verily to God belongs whatever is in the heavens and the earth. He knows your condition, and (He knows) the Day when they are returned to Him so that He may inform them of what they did. God is Knower of all things.