Sura Al-Qasas (The Narration)
Sheikh / Mohammad Ayyoob

  • In the Name of God, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

    28:1-2 Ta. Sin. Mim. These are revelations of the Scripture that makes plain.

    28:3-6 We narrate to you (somewhat) of the story of Moses and Pharaoh with truth, for folk who believe. Lo! Pharaoh exalted himself in the earth and made its people castes. A tribe among them he suppressed, killing their sons and sparing their women. Lo! He was of those who work corruption. And We desired to show favor to those who were oppressed in the earth, and to make them examples and to make them the inheritors, and to establish them in the earth, and to show Pharaoh and Haman and their hosts that which they feared from them.

    28:7-9 And We inspired the mother of Moses, saying: Suckle him and, when you fear for him, then cast him into the river and fear not nor grieve. Lo! We shall bring him back to you and shall make him (one) of Our Messengers. And the family of Pharaoh took him up, that he might become for them an enemy and a sorrow. Lo! Pharaoh and Haman and their hosts were ever sinning. And the wife of Pharaoh said: (He will be) a consolation for me and for you. Kill him not. Perhaps he may be of use to us, or we may choose him for a son. And they perceived not.

    28:10-13 And the heart of the mother of Moses became void, and she would have betrayed him if We had not fortified her heart, that she might be of the believers. And she said to his sister: Trace him. So she observed him from afar, and they perceived not. And We had before forbidden foster-mothers for him, so she said: Shall I show you a household who will rear him for you and take care of him? So We restored him to his mother that she might be comforted and not grieve, and that she might know that the promise of God is true. But most of them know not.

    28:14 And when he reached his full strength and was ripe, We gave him wisdom and knowledge. Thus do We reward the good.

    28:15-16 And he entered the city at a time of carelessness of its folk, and he found therein two men fighting, one of his own caste, and the other of his enemies; and he who was of his caste asked him for help against him who was of his enemies. So Moses struck him with his fist and killed him. He said: This is of Satan's doing. Lo! He is an enemy, a mere misleader. He said: My Lord! Lo! I have wronged my soul, so forgive me. Then He forgave him. Lo! He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.

    28:17 He said: My Lord! Forasmuch as You have favored me, I will nevermore be a supporter of the guilty.

    28:18-21 And morning found him in the city, fearing, vigilant, when behold! He who had appealed to him the day before cried out to him for help. Moses said to him: Lo! You are indeed a mere hothead. And when he would have fallen upon the man who was an enemy to them both, he said: O Moses! Would you kill me as you did kill a person yesterday? You would be nothing but a tyrant in the land; you would not be of the reformers. And a man came from the uttermost part of the city, running. He said: O Moses! Lo! The chiefs take counsel against you to slay you; therefore escape. Lo! I am of those who give you good advice. So he escaped from there, fearing, vigilant. He said: My Lord! Deliver me from the wrongdoing folk.

    28:22-24 And when he turned his face toward Midian, he said: Perhaps my Lord will guide me in the right road. And when he came to the water of Midian he found there a whole tribe of men, watering. And he found apart from them two women keeping, back (their flocks). He said: What ails you? The two said: We cannot give (our flocks) to drink till the shepherds return from the water; and our father is a very old man. So he watered (their flock) for them. Then he turned aside into the shade, and said: My Lord! I am needy of whatever good you send down for me.

    28:25-26 Then there came to him one of the two women, walking shyly. She said: Lo! My father calls you, that he may reward you with a payment because you did water (the flock) for us. Then, when he came to him and told him the (whole) story, he said: Fear not! You have escaped from the wrongdoing folk. One of the two women said: O my father! Hire him! For the best (man) that you can hire is the strong, the trustworthy.

    28:27-28 He said: Lo! I willingly would marry you to one of these two daughters of mine on condition that you hire yourself to me for (the term of) eight pilgrimages. Then if you complete ten it will be of your own accord, for I would not make it hard for you. God willing, you will find me of the righteous. He said: That (is settled) between you and me. Whichever of the two terms I fulfill, there will be no injustice to me, and God is Surety over what we say.

    28:29 Then, when Moses had fulfilled the term, and was traveling with his house folk, he saw in the distance a fire and said to his house folk: Bide you (here). Lo! I see in the distance a fire; perhaps I shall bring you tidings from there, or a brand from the fire that you may warm yourselves.

    28:30-35 And when he reached it, he was called from the right side of the valley in the blessed field, from the tree: O Moses! Lo! I, Indeed I, am God, the Lord of the Worlds; throw down your staff. And when he saw it writhing as if it had been a demon, he turned to flee headlong, (and it was said to him): O Moses! Draw near and fear not. Lo! You are of those who are secure. Thrust your hand into the bosom of your robe, it will come forth white without hurt. And guard your heart from fear. Then these shall be two proofs from your Lord to Pharaoh and his chiefs: Lo! They are evil doing folk. He said: My Lord! Lo! I killed a man among them and I fear that they will kill me. My brother Aaron is more eloquent than I in speech. Therefore send him with me as a helper to confirm me. Lo! I fear that they will give the lie to me. He said: We will strengthen your arm with your brother, and We will give to you both power so that they cannot reach you for Our signs. You both, and those who follow you, will be the winners.

    28:36-39 But when Moses came to them with Our clear signs, they said: This is nothing but invented magic. We never heard of this among our fathers of old. And Moses said: My Lord is best aware of him who brings guidance from Him, and whose will be the sequel of the Home (of bliss). Lo! Wrongdoers will not be successful. And Pharaoh said: O chiefs! I know not that you have a god other than me, so kindle for me (a fire), O Haman, to bake the mud; and set up for me a lofty tower in order that I may survey the god of Moses; and lo! I deem him of the liars. And he and his hosts were haughty in the land without right, and deemed that they would never be brought back to Us.

    28:40-42 Therefore We seized him and his hosts, and abandoned them to the sea. Behold the nature of the consequence for evildoers! And We made them patterns that invite to the Fire, and on the Day of Resurrection they will not be helped. And We made a curse to follow them in this world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be among the hateful.

    28:43 And We verily gave the Scripture to Moses after We had destroyed the generations of old; clear testimonies for people, and a guidance and a mercy, that perhaps they might reflect.

    28:44-45 And you (O Muhammad) were not on the western side (of the Mount) when We expounded to Moses the commandment, and you were not among those present; but We brought forth generations, and their lives dragged on for them. And you were not a dweller in Midian, reciting to them Our revelations, but We kept sending (Messengers to men).

    28:46-48 And you were not beside the Mount when We called; but (the knowledge of it is) a mercy from your Lord that you may warn a folk to whom no warner came before you, that perhaps they may give heed. Otherwise, if disaster should afflict them because of that which their own hands have sent before (them), they might say: Our Lord! Why did you not send a Messenger to us, that we might have followed Your revelations and been of the believers? But when there came to them the Truth from Us, they said: Why is he not given the like of what was given to Moses? Did they not disbelieve in that which was given to Moses of old? They say: Two works of magic that support each other and they say: Lo! In both we are disbelievers.

    28:49-50 Say (to them, O Muhammad): Then bring a Scripture from God that gives clearer guidance than these two (that) I may follow it, if you are truthful. And if they answer you not, then know that what they follow is their lusts. And who goes farther astray than he who follows his lust without guidance from God. Lo! God guides not wrongdoing folk.

    28:51-55 And now verily We have caused the Word to reach them, that perhaps they may give heed. Those to whom We gave the Scripture before it, they believe in it, and when it is recited to them, they say: We believe in it. Lo! It is the Truth from our Lord. Lo! Even before it we were of those who are Muslims (surrendered to God). These will be given their reward twice over, because they are patient and repel evil with good, and spend of that wherewith We have provided them, and when they hear vanity they withdraw from it and say: To us our works and to you your works. Peace be to you! We desire not the ignorant.

    28:56 Lo! You (O Muhammad) guide not whom you love, but God guides whom He wills. And He is Best Aware of those who walk aright.

    28:57 And they say: If we were to follow the guidance with you we should be torn out of our land. Have We not established for them a sure sanctuary, where the produce of all things is brought (in trade), a provision from Us? But most of them know not.

    28:58 And how many a community have We destroyed that was thankless for its means of livelihood! And yonder are their dwellings, which have not been inhabited after them except a little. And We, were the inheritors.

    28:59 And never did your Lord destroy the townships, till He had raised up in their mother (town) a Messenger reciting to them Our revelations. And never did We destroy the townships unless the folk from there were evildoers.

    28:60 And whatsoever you have been given is a comfort of the life of the world and an ornament thereof; and that which God has is better and more lasting. Have you then no sense?

    28:61 Is he whom We have promised a fair promise which he will find (true), like him whom We suffer to enjoy a while the comfort of the life of the world, then on the Day of Resurrection he will be of those arraigned?

    28:62-64 On the Day when He will call to them and say: Where are My partners whom you imagined? Those concerning whom the Word will have come true will say: Our Lord! These are they whom we led astray. We led them astray even as we ourselves were astray. We declare our innocence before You: us they never worshipped. And it will be said: Cry to your (so called) partners (of God). And they will cry to them, and they will give no answer to them, and they will see the punishment. Ah, if they had but been guided!

    28:65-67 And on the Day when He will call to them and say: What answer gave you to the Messengers? On that Day (all) tidings will be dimmed for them, nor will they ask of one another, but as for him who shall repent and believe and do right, he perhaps may be one of the successful.

    28:68 Your Lord brings to pass what He wills and chooses. They have never had any choice. Glorified be God and exalted above all that they associate (with Him)!

    28:69 And your Lord knows what their breasts conceal, and what they publish.

    28:70 And He is God; none should be worshipped but God alone. His is all praise in the former and the latter (state), and His is the command, and to Him you will be brought back.

    28:71 Say: Have you thought, if God made night everlasting for you till the Day of Resurrection, who is a god beside God who could bring you light? Will you not then hear?

    28:72-73 Say: Have you thought, if God made day everlasting for you till the Day of Resurrection, who is a god beside God who could, bring you night wherein you rest? Will you not then see? Of His mercy has He appointed for you night and day that therein you may rest, and that you may seek His bounty, and that perhaps you may be thankful.

    28:74-75 And on the Day when He shall call to them and say: Where are My partners whom you pretended? And We shall take out from every nation a witness and We shall say: Bring your proof. Then they will know that God has the Truth, and all that they invented will have failed them.

    28:76-77 Now Korah was of Moses' folk, but he oppressed them and We gave him so much treasure that the stores thereof would verily have been a burden for a troop of mighty men. When his own folk said to him: Exult not; lo! God loves not the exultant; but seek the abode of the Hereafter in that which God has given you and neglect not your portion of the world, and be you kind even as God has been kind to you, and seek not corruption in the earth; lo! God loves not corrupters.

    28:78-80 He said: I have been given it only on account of knowledge I possess. Knew he not that God had destroyed already of the generations before him, men who were mightier than he in strength and greater in respect of following? The guilty are not questioned of their sins. Then went he forth before his people in his pomp. Those who were desirous of the life of the world said: Ah, would that we had the like of what has been given to Korah! Lo! He is lord of rare good fortune. But those who had been given knowledge said: Woe to you! The reward of God for him who believes and does right is better, and only the patient will obtain it.

    28:81-82 So We caused the earth to swallow him and his dwelling place. Then he had no host to help him against God, nor was he of those who can save themselves. And morning found those who had coveted his place but yesterday crying: Ah, just as well! God enlarges the provision for whom He wills of His slaves and straitens it (for whom He wills). If God had not been gracious to us He would have caused it to swallow us (also). Ah, just as well! The disbelievers never prosper.

    28:83-84 As for that Abode of the Hereafter We assign it to those who seek not oppression in the earth, nor yet corruption. The sequel is for those who are pious. Whoever brings a good deed, he will have better than the same; while as for him who brings an ill deed, those who do ill deeds will be requited only what they did.

    28:85-88 Lo! He, Who has given you the Quran for a law will surely bring you borne again. Say: My Lord is Best Aware of he who brings guidance and him who is in error manifest. You had no hope that the Scripture would be inspired in you; but it is a mercy from your Lord, so never be a helper to the disbelievers. And let them not divert you from the revelations of God after they have been sent down to you; but call (people) to your Lord, and be not of those who ascribe partners (to Him). And cry not to any other god along with God. None should be worshipped but God alone. Everything will perish except His Face. His is the command, and to Him you will be brought back.