Sura Al-Ahzab (The Confederates)
Sheikh / Mohammad Ayyoob

  • In the Name of God, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

    33:1 O Prophet! Keep your duty to God and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Lo! God is Knower, Wise.

    33:2-3 And follow that which is inspired in you from your Lord. Lo! God is Aware of what you do. And put your trust in God, for God is sufficient as Trustee.

    33:4-5 God has not assigned to any man two hearts within his body, nor has he made your wives whom you declare (to be your mothers) your mothers, nor has he made those whom you claim (to be your sons) your sons. This is but a saying of your mouths. But God says the truth and He guides to the right way. Proclaim their real parentage. That will be more equitable in the sight of God. And if you know not their fathers, then (they are) your brethren in the faith, and your clients. And there is no sin for you in the mistakes that you make unintentionally, but what your hearts purpose (that will be a sin for you). God is Forgiving, Merciful.

    33:6 The Prophet is closer to the believers than their selves, and his wives are (as) their mothers. And the owners of kinship are closer one to another in the ordinance of God than (other) believers and the immigrants (who migrated from Mecca) except that you should do kindness to your friends. This is written in the Book (of nature).

    33:7-8 And when We exacted a covenant from the Prophets, and from you (O Muhammad) and from Noah and Abraham and Moses and Jesus son of Mary. We took from them a solemn covenant; that He may ask the loyal of their loyalty. And He has prepared a painful punishment for the unfaithful.

    33:9-14 O you who believe! Remember God's favor to you when there came against you hosts, and We sent against them a great wind and hosts you could not see. And God is ever Seer of what you do. When they came upon you from above you and from below you, and when eyes grew wild and hearts reached to the throats, and you were imagining vain thoughts concerning God. There were the believers sorely tried, and shaken with a mighty shock. And When the hypocrites, and those in whose hearts is a disease, were saying: God and His Messenger promised us nothing but delusion. And when a party of them said: O folk of Yathrib! There is no stand (possible) for you, therefore turn back. And certain of them (even) sought permission of the Prophet, saying: Our homes lie open (to the enemy). And they lay not open. They but wished to flee. If the enemy had entered from all sides and they had been exhorted to treachery, they would have committed it, and would have hesitated thereupon, but little.

    33:15-17 And verily they had already sworn to God that they would not turn their backs (to the foe). An oath to God must he answered for. Say: Flight will not avail you if you flee from death or killing, and then you dwell in comfort but a little while. Say: Who is he who can preserve you from God if He intends harm for you, or intends mercy for you. They will not find that they have any protector or helper other than God.

    33:18-19 God already knows those of you who hinder, and those who say to their brethren: ‘Come you hither to us!’ and they come not to the stress of battle except a little, being sparing of their help to you (believers). But when the fear comes, then you (Muhammad) see them regarding you with rolling eyes like one who faints to death. Then, when the fear departs, they scald you with sharp tongues in their greed for wealth (from the spoil). Such have not believed. Therefore God makes their deeds fruitless. And that is easy for God.

    33:20 They hold that the clans have not retired (for good); and if the clans should advance (again), they would willingly be in the desert with the wandering Arabs, asking for the news of you and if they were among you, they would not give battle, except a little.

    33:21 Verily in the Messenger of God you have a good example for him who looks to God and the last Day, and remembers God much.

    33:22-24 And when the true believers saw the clans, they said: This is that which God and His Messenger promised us. God and His Messenger are true. It did but confirm them in their faith and resignation. Of the believers are men who are true to that which they covenanted with God. Some of them have paid their vow by death (in battle), and some of them still are waiting; and they have not altered in the least; that God may reward the true men for their truth, and punish the hypocrites if He wills, or forgive them (if He wills). Lo! God is Forgiving, Merciful.

    33:25 And God repulsed the disbelievers in their wrath; they gained no good. God averted their attack from the believers. God is Strong, Mighty.

    33:26-27 And He brought those of the People of the Scripture who supported them down from their strongholds, and cast panic into their hearts. You slew some, and some you made captive. And He caused you to inherit their land and their houses and their wealth, and land you have not trodden. God is Able to do all things.

    33:28-30 O Prophet! Say to your wives: If you desire the world's life and its adornment, come! I will content you and will release you with a fair release. But if you desire God and His Messenger and the abode of the Hereafter, then lo! God has prepared for the good among you an immense reward. O you wives of the Prophet! Whosoever of you commits manifest lewdness, the punishment for her will be doubled, and that is easy for God.

    33:31-34 And whosoever of you is submissive to God and His Messenger and does right, We shall give her reward twice over, and We have prepared for her a rich provision. O you wives of the Prophet! You are not like any other women. If you keep your duty (to God), then be not soft of speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease aspire (to you), but speak in an honorable manner. And stay in your houses. Bedizen not yourselves with the bedizenment of the Time of Ignorance. Be regular in prayer, and pay the poor-due, and obey God and His Messenger. God's wish is but to remove impurity (of sin) far from you, O Folk of the Household, and cleanse you with a thorough cleansing. And bear in mind that which is recited in your houses of the revelations of God and wisdom. Lo! God is Subtle, Aware.

    33:35 Lo! Men who surrender to God, and women who surrender, and men who believe and women who believe, and men who obey and women who obey, and men who speak the truth and women who speak the truth, and men who persevere (in righteousness) and women who persevere, and men who are humble and women who are humble, and men who give alms and women who give alms, and men who fast and women who fast, and men who guard their modesty and women who guard (their modesty), and men who remember God much and women who remember God much .God has prepared for them forgiveness and a vast reward.

    33:36 And it is not for a believing man nor a believing woman, when God and His Messenger have decided an affair (for them), that they should (after that) claim any say in their affair; and whoever is rebellious to God and His Messenger, he verily goes astray in error manifest.

    33:37 And when you said to him on whom God has conferred favor and you have conferred favor: Keep your wife to yourself, and fear God. And you did hide in your mind that which God was to bring to light, and you did fear people whereas God had a better right that you should fear Him. So when Zeyd had performed the necessary formality (of divorce) from her, We gave her to you in marriage, so that (henceforth) there may be no sin for believers in respect of wives of their adopted sons, when the latter have performed the necessary formality (of release) from them. The commandment of God must be fulfilled.

    33:38-40 There is no reproach for the Prophet in that which God makes his due. That was God's way with those who passed away of old - and the commandment of God is certain destiny - those who delivered the messages of God and feared Him, and feared none except God. God keeps good account. Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of God and the Seal of the Prophets; and God is Aware of all things.

    33:41-43 O you who believe! Remember God with much remembrance. And glorify Him early and late. It is He Who blesses you, and His angels (bless you), that He may bring you forth from darkness to light; and He is Merciful to the believers.

    33:44 Their salutation on the Day when they shall meet Him will be: Peace. And He has prepared for them a goodly recompense.

    33:45-48 O Prophet! Lo! We have sent you as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner And as a summoner to God by His permission, and as a lamp that gives light. And announce to the believers the good tidings that they will have great bounty from God. And incline not to the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Disregard their noxious talk, and put your trust in God. God is sufficient as Trustee.

    33:49 O you who believe! If you wed believing women and divorce them before you have touched them, then there is no period that you should reckon. But content them and release them handsomely.

    33:50 O Prophet! Lo! We have made lawful to you your wives to whom you have paid their dowries, and those whom your right hand possesses of those whom God has given you as spoils of war, and the daughters of your uncle on the father's side and the daughters of your aunts on the father's side, and the daughters of your uncles on the mother's side who emigrated with you, and a believing woman if she gives herself to the Prophet and the Prophet desires to ask her in marriage – a privilege for you only, not for the (rest of) believers – We are aware of that which We enjoined upon them concerning their wives and those whom their right hands possess. that you may be free from blame, for God is Forgiving, Merciful.

    33:51 You can defer whom you will of them and receive to you whom you will, and whomsoever you desire of those whom you have set aside (temporarily), it is no sin for you (to receive her again); that is better; that they may be comforted and not grieved, and may all be pleased with what you give them. God knows what is in your hearts (O men) and God is Forgiving, Forbearing.

    33:52 It is not allowed for you to take (other) women henceforth nor that you should change them for other wives even though their beauty pleased you, except those whom your right hand possesses. And God is Watcher over all things.

    33:53-54 O you who believe! Enter not the dwellings of the Prophet for a meal without waiting for the proper time, unless permission be granted to you. But if you are invited, enter, and, when, your meal is ended, then disperse. Linger not for conversation. Lo! That would cause annoyance to the Prophet, and he would be shy of (asking) you (to go); but God is not shy of the truth. And when you ask of them (the wives of the Prophet) anything, ask it of them from behind a curtain. That is purer for your hearts and for their hearts. And it is not for you to cause annoyance to the Messenger of God, nor that you should ever marry his wives after him. Lo! That in God's sight would be an enormity. Whether you divulge a thing or keep it hidden, lo! God is ever Knower of all things.

    33:55 It is no sin for them (your wives) (to converse freely) with their fathers, or their sons: or their brothers, or their brother's sons, or the sons of their sisters or of their own women, or their slaves. O women! Keep your duty to God. Lo! God is Witness over all things.

    33:56 Lo! God and His angels shower blessings on the Prophet. O you who believe! Ask blessings on him and salute him with a worthy salutation.

    33:57-58 Lo! Those who malign God and His Messenger, God has cursed them in the world and the Hereafter, and has prepared for them the punishment of the disdained. And those who malign believing men and believing women undeservedly, they bear the guilt of slander and manifest sin.

    33:59 O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks close round them (when they go abroad). That will be better, so that they may be recognized and not annoyed. God is ever Forgiving, Merciful.

    33:60-62 If the hypocrites, and those in whose hearts is a disease, and the alarmists in the city do not cease, We verily shall urge you on against them, then they will be your neighbors in it but a little while. Accursed, they will be seized wherever found and slain with a (fierce) slaughter. That was the way of God in the case of those who passed away of old; you will not find for the way of God anything of power to change.

    33:63 Men ask you of the Hour. Say: The knowledge of it is with God only. What can convey (the knowledge) to you? It may be that the Hour is near.

    33:64-68 Lo! God has cursed the disbelievers, and has prepared for them a flaming fire, wherein they will abide forever. They will find (then) neither protector nor helper. On the Day when their faces are turned over in the fire, they say: Oh, would that we had obeyed God and had obeyed His Messenger! And they say: Our Lord! Lo! We obeyed our princes and great men, and they misled us from the Way. Our Lord! Oh, give them double torment and curse them with a mighty curse.

    33:69 O you who believe! Be not as those who slandered Moses, but God proved his innocence of that which they alleged, and he was well esteemed in God's sight.

    33:70-71 O you who believe! Guard your duty to God, and speak words straight to the point; He will adjust your works for you and will forgive you your sins. Whosoever obeys God and His Messenger, he verily has gained a signal victory.

    33:72 Lo! We offered the trust to the heavens and the earth and the hills, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man assumed it. Lo! He has proved a tyrant and a fool.

    33:73 God punishes hypocritical men and hypocritical women, and polytheistic men and polytheistic women. But God pardons believing men and believing women, and God is Forgiving, Merciful.